【食療養生吃黑米】補血補腎抗衰老!不同人吃它功效各不同

黑米種植歷史悠久,是中國古老而名貴的水稻品種。相傳距今二千多年前的漢武帝時,便由博望侯張騫最先在陝西洋縣發現。黑米稻粒外觀長橢圓形,稻殼灰褐色,粒型有秈、粳兩種,黑米是非糯性稻米。糙米呈黑色或黑褐色,營養豐富,食、藥用價值高,除煮粥外還可以製作各種營養食品和釀酒,素有「黑珍珠」和「世界米中之王」的美譽。用黑米熬制的米粥清香油亮,軟糯適口,營養豐富,具有很好的滋補作用,因此被稱為「補血米」、「長壽米」等;中國民間有「逢黑必補」之說。但是,你知道嗎?不同群體的人吃黑米的好處是不一樣的!和大家分享一下各類人群吃黑米的功效與作用

若要增加口感的嚼勁,可與白米或胚芽米1:1配置,黑米可先泡水1~2小時再煮,較易煮爛。

原文網址:https://kknews.cc/health/qeakkmr.html

米中之王 黑米的營養價值

  • 1、黑米中的微量元素比白米還要豐富,其中豐富的鉀元素含量是普通大米的4.4倍之多。
  • 2、黑米中含有的B族維生素(除了B12)含量極其豐富,它的B族維生素含量是普通大米的4倍之多。
  • 3、黑米含蛋白質、碳水化合物、B族維生素、維生素E、鈣、磷、鉀、鎂、鐵、鋅等營養元素,營養豐富。
  • 4、黑米所含錳、鋅、銅等無機鹽大都比大米高1~3倍;更含有大米所缺乏的維生素C、葉綠素、花青素、胡蘿蔔素及強心甙等特殊成分,因而黑米比普通大米更具營養。
  • 5、黑米屬於糯米類,主要營養成分(糙米):按占乾物質計,含粗蛋白質8.5~12.5%,粗脂肪2.7~3.8%,碳水化合物75~84%,粗灰分1.7~2%。

原文網址:https://kknews.cc/health/grk2n6m.html

一、男士吃黑米的功效與作用——補腎壯陽精神好

隨著生活工作壓力的增加,很多男性朋友面臨身體發福、精神疲倦、渾身乏力、性功能衰減等問題的困擾。其實這些都是腎功能衰退惹的禍!腎是先天之本,生命之根,能主骨生髓,養腦益智,生髮聰耳。腎氣強旺,人就精力充沛,骨骼強健,耳聰神清,頭髮烏亮;腎氣一旦衰朽,則智昏耳聾、骨脆齒搖、鬚髮早白,未老先衰。

中醫說「黑色入腎」。黑米外表墨黑,營養豐富,有「黑珍珠」和「世界米中之王」的美譽。古醫書記載黑米有「滋陰補腎,健身暖胃,明目活血」、「清肝潤腸」、「滑濕益精、補肺緩筋」等功效,是補腎的最佳食材。

二、女士吃黑米的功效與作用——養顏瘦身抗衰老

女性朋友對自己的容貌是非常在意的。可是,隨著生活壓力的增加和年齡的增長,很多女性朋友都出現了臉色蒼白、膚色黯淡無光、面黃長斑等問題。那就不妨在每天的日常飲食中加入黑米。黑米具有非常豐富的營養物質,可以有效的供給每天身體所需的營養,讓女性朋友們臉色紅潤有光澤,同時黑米還能幫助身體排毒,解決因為體內毒素累積產生的膚色暗沉、長斑等問題。

除了容貌,保持好身材也是女性朋友的必須課,甚至有不少人不惜節食挨餓導致營養不良的。其實大可不必這麼費勁。只需要要每天的白米飯換成黑米飯或者加入一定量的黑米即可。黑米中的膳食纖維含量十分豐富,能夠促進腸道通便、增加飽腹感,抑制食慾,幫助你減肥。最近比較流行的黑米減肥法主要是通過以黑米為主的飲食食譜來達到瘦身減肥的效果。

都說「歲月催人老」,如何延緩衰老的速度呢?答案還是吃黑米!黑米具有抗氧化長壽作用,黑米之所以呈現黑色是引起其中含有大量的花青素,花青素具有抗氧化作用,可以抵抗自由基對人體細胞壁的氧化,增強免疫力,起到抗衰老作用。

三、老人吃黑米的功效與作用——保護心腦血管益壽延年

心血管疾病是當前危害健康最大的疾病,黑米中脂溶性維生素含量非常豐富,這種維生素屬於一種強氧化劑,能夠有效的抵抗致癌物質的產生,能夠促進身體能量的代謝,對於血液循環也是有幫助的。

吃黑米還能改善身體新陳代謝,對於預防血管硬化,防止膽固醇的沉積很有幫助,這樣都是能夠減少心血管疾病的發生。

黑米對康復性和慢性患者很有幫助,吃黑米是老年人良好的滋補食品,有利於增強體力,保持心血管疾病健康。黑米中的黃銅類化合物能維持老年人血管正常滲透壓,減輕血管脆性,防止血管破裂和止血。

四、孕產婦吃黑米的功效與作用——補血強身有利胎兒

准媽媽在懷孕的時候,前幾個月會出現貧血的現象,這時醫生一般會建議准媽媽們用食補的方法來彌補,其中就有黑米。黑米的維生素、礦物質和膳食纖維含量都比普通大米高出很多,尤其是鐵元素,含量更豐富。這就使得黑米十分有利於改善孕產婦、兒童等的缺鐵性貧血症。

黑米的表皮中富含花青素、類黃酮等抗氧化成分,多食黑米,不但有益於清除自由基、抗菌、降血壓,而且可以幫助孕婦補充身體的營養,特別是有高血壓的孕婦,多食黑米能起到一定的降血壓的作用。

黑米中的膳食纖維比較多,吃後不會導致血糖的明顯升高,有妊娠糖尿病的孕婦還是可以吃黑米的。

黑米含蛋白質、脂肪、碳水化合物、B族維生素、維生素E等營養元素,營養豐富,很適合在坐月子的時候吃。因為黑米富含的蛋白質脂肪碳水化合物以及維生素等各種微量元素,對於坐月子時期的媽媽們來說,可以很好地滋補身體。

五、小孩吃黑米的功效與作用——補充營養促進生長發育

黑米含蛋白質、脂肪、碳水化合物、B族維生素、維生素E、鈣、磷、鉀、鎂、鐵、具有清除自由基、改善缺鐵性貧血、抗應激反應以及免疫調節等多種生理功能,可以增加營養,有助於孩子的生長發育。

黑米中含有人體需要的多種胺基酸,還含有豐富的鐵、鈣、錳、鋅等微量元素,經常食用可以顯著提高人體內血色素和血紅蛋白的含量,對心血管系統能夠起到保健作用,而且還有利於兒童的智力發育。

溫馨提醒:小孩子的腸胃功能較弱,黑米一定要煮爛才行,建議做成黑米糊或黑米粥食用。

黑米營養高,也要學會辨別真假黑米

黑米的營養價值非常豐富,所以受到了越來越多的人的青睞。但由於黑心商家的增多,導致不時會購買到假的黑米。那應該如何識別真假黑米?

1、看

看黑米的外觀和光澤度,劣質或染色黑米外表沒有光澤,是一種暗啞的黑色且大小不均、碎米多、易結塊;而真正的黑米外表有光澤,米粒大小勻稱,颳去黑米外面的皮層,裡面的胚乳是白色的。這是因為染色黑米色素會滲入米芯從而使得胚乳部分有染黑的現象,建議大家在選購時可拿一粒黑米咬開,看是否有白茬,有白茬的就是真正的黑米。

2、聞

真正的黑米具有淡淡的清香味、無異味,可抓起一把黑米放在掌心,就像選購茶葉那樣向掌心哈一口氣,然後立刻湊近聞氣味,如微有異味或霉變、酸味等不正常氣味則很可能是劣質或染色黑米。

3、嘗

選購時取少量黑米放入嘴中咀嚼,沒有味道、微有異味、酸味、苦味等不正常的都是劣質或者是染色黑米。

原文網址:https://kknews.cc/health/lx6lzy2.html

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